Learning the Options
Electric Transportation Options
All plug-in electric vehicles have batteries and need to be plugged in to recharge. Most of today's vehicles are powered by lithium ion batteries. These batteries hold their charge efficiently and have no memory effect, which means you don't have to run down the battery completely before recharging. There are three types of Plug-in electric vehicles to consider.
Battery Electric Vehicle
BEVs include the Nissan Leaf, Wheego LiFe, Ford Focus Electric and Tesla Roadster. BEVs have no gasoline engine and run exclusively on the energy stored in on-board batteries. These vehicles are advertised to travel 100 or more miles before recharging.
Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle
PHEVs include the plug-in Toyota Prius that are announced for production in 2012. PHEVs are similar to hybrid vehicles with the addition of larger batteries that plug into the grid. This enables you to drive further on electricity while adding the convenience of continued driving on gasoline.
Extended Range Electric Vehicle
EREVs have larger battery packs and are advertised to allow for all electric driving up to 40 miles. After battery depletion, the car uses a gasoline powered generator that allows extended range driving, up to 300-plus miles.