A vehicle can heat up quickly, rising 20 degrees within 10 minutes even when it is not extremely hot outside. Kidsandcars.org says there are an average of 38 child hot car deaths per year in the United States.
Dr. Carlie Stein Somerville, assistant professor in the University of Alabama at Birmingham departments of General Internal Medicine and Pediatrics, shares advice and tips for parents and caregivers to prevent the accidental heatstroke deaths of children in hot vehicles.
“As a mother and a pediatrician, I understand that parents and caregivers have a lot on their minds, and distractions are always there,” Stein Somerville said. “Setting reminders and practicing car safety can prevent harm and even death to our children during the hot summer months.”
Children should never be left in an unattended vehicle. Stein Somerville said it takes only a few minutes for a child to overheat, suffocate and die in a car. Compared to adults, a child’s body heats up three to five times faster. When left in a hot car, children’s major organs begin to shut down when their temperature reaches 104 degrees, according to healthychildren.org.
Often, these deaths are accidental because parents or guardians forget their child is in a car due to stress and distractions. Many circumstances can cause parents to forget children are in a car, including:
Read more about keeping children hydrated during the summer months here.
To help parents remember their child is in the back seat, Stein Somerville recommends placing an object, such as your left shoe, purse/bag or cellphone, in the back seat with your child when you leave the house. Placing the child’s toy in the front seat can also serve as a reminder. She recommends that any parent, family member or guardian transporting a child do the same, as this can happen to even the most loving caregiver and helps ensure they do not forget the child is there.
Lock the doors
Children love to play, especially hide-and-seek, because their small bodies can hide away in narrow areas. However, the same hiding spot can be boring, and they often look for new places, including in a hot, unlocked car. The new spot can quickly become dangerous if the child becomes stuck or is unable to reopen the car door. Stein Somerville advises parents to lock their cars and teach children that cars are not safe places to play.
Driving with the air conditioning on is nice. The hot air quickly cools down while a person’s sweat evaporates. But what happens when the air conditioning no longer works, and a child becomes hot?
Stein Somerville said rolled-down windows do not prevent cars from getting too hot. She recommends parents carry bottles of water to keep children hydrated. However, do not leave water bottles in the car when you get out, because the water will heat up quickly in the sun. Only give children water you know is still cool to reduce the risk of burning their mouths.
Staying hydrated helps regulate body temperature and circulate oxygen throughout the body. Along with staying hydrated, parents should park their cars in shaded areas, bring a cooling towel or buy a cooling seat cover if they can – but none of these measures will prevent a child from dying if they are left in the car.
This story originally appeared on the UAB News website.